Canada automotive history timeline:
see url 1867 Canada’s first automobile is a steam-driven car called the Steam Buggy, built by Seth Taylor in Stanstead, Québec.
see url 1879 Canada sets a 35% import tariff on finished goods, including automobiles, entering Canada.
http://paperbookintensive.org/feed/?attachment_id=151 1892 The Canada Carriage Company is established in Ganonoque, Ontario.
1902-1904 The LeRoy is produced by the Le Roy Manufacturing Co., of Berlin (now Kitchener), Ontario. The company is founded by Nelson and Milton Good and goes on to produce 20 LeRoys before the company goes out of business in 1904.
1904-1916 The Russell Motor Car Company of Toronto manufactures well-engineered automobiles. In 1913, the company has trouble with their engines, there is a downturn in the high-end automobile market and with the outbreak of WWI in 1914 means they have to sell their production facilities and stop building motor vehicles.
1904 Ford, and a number of Canadian investors, establish the Ford Motor Company of Canada Ltd. and build a manufacturing plant in Windsor, Ontario (was Walkerville). The objective is to sell Ford cars in Canada and across the British Empire.
1907 R.S. McLaughlin creates the McLaughlin Motor Car Co. after visiting the United States and discovering that automobiles are becoming a modern luxury. The company uses Buick engines and Buick chassis with McLaughlin bodies to create the McLaughlin-Buick automobile.
1908 Samuel McLaughlin and William C. Durant establish the General Motors Holding Company.
1909 James B. Tudhope, the Tudhope Carriage Company of Orillia, purchases the Canada Carriage Company, and several others including the McLaughlin Carriage Company of Oshawa.
1911 The Canada Carriage Company gains the rights to build “The Everitt” Roadster on behalf of Everitt-Metzer-Flanders Co. of Detroit Michigan (1909-1912).
1911-1915 The Brockville Atlas Automobile Company is established to build the Model A Brockville Atlas using many parts from the Canada Carriage Company.
1915 Samuel McLaughlin acquires the Chevrolet Company of Canada.
1915-1921 Two primary stakeholders from the Canada Carriage Company and Brockville Atlas establish the Canadian branch of Michigan’s Briscoe Motor Company.
1916 Russell sells out to Willys-Overland, the company that goes on to build the first jeep in WWII.
1918 McLaughlin’s automobile company is purchased by General Motors to form General Motors of Canada, based in the city of Oshawa.
1900 – 1945 Prior to the First World War numerous small car companies appeared primarily in Ontario due to their proximity to their American counterparts in Michigan and Ohio. Popular American brands were produced in Canadian factories in order to gain access to the U.S. market in order to avoid import tariffs. By the 1920s, the Canadian car industry had evolved far beyond its humble origins, but economic troubles during the Great Depression ultimately lead to the failure of all of Canada’s independent automotive companies.
1928 Ford opens an engine factory plant in Windsor, Ontario.
1928 Chrysler opens a vehicle assembly plant in Windsor, Ontario.
1946-1965 After the Second World War, cars produced in Canada remain distinctively different from their American counterparts.
1953 Ford opens a factory in Oakville, Ontario. It later houses the company’s Canadian headquarters.
1954 GM builds an engine and transmission plant in St. Catherines, Ontario (Niagara Region).
1963 Volvo becomes the first non-US carmaker to assemble cars in Canada when it opens a factory in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
1965 The Automotive Trade Agreement (Autopact) removes tariffs and allows vehicles to cross between the United States and Canada. This signals the end to unique Canadian models. Since the 1960s several unique Canadian car concepts have been attempted, but none have been successfully mass-produced.
1969 Honda Canada was founded in 1969, but when they started they were only selling motorcycles and power equipment like lawn mowers and snow blowers.
1969 Jacques About launches his Renault 10-based manic GT sports car at the Montreal motor show. The company ceases trading in 1971 after building 160 cars.
1974-1975 Bricklin produces the wedge-shaped SV-1in Saint John, New Brunswick, complete with gull-wing doors. A look that is adopted a few years later by DeLorean
1986 Honda of Canada Mfg. (HCM) begins production with the assembly of the Honda Accord, leading the way as the first Japanese automobile manufacturer to establish a production facility in Canada.
1987 Chrysler buys the American Motors Corporation (AMC) and gains a factory in Brampton, Ontario.
1988 Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada Inc. (TOYOTA) opens its factory in Ontario. Today, Toyota has three plants in Cambridge and Woodstock.
1989-1993 Hyundai build s a factory in Bromont, Quebec but it closes four years later.
1992 The Chrysler factory in Brampton (Ontario) is closed.
1998 Volvo closes its car plant in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
2009 Suzuki transfer full ownership of its plant in Ingersoll (Ontario) to GM.